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Did you know that rainbows are a symbol of hope? You may have noticed people displaying them in their windows in your local area. How many can you see when you go out for a walk?

Our English this week is based on rainbows.


Talk about rainbows


Have you ever seen a rainbow? Do you know where rainbows come from?

Talk to someone at home about rainbows. You could talk about: The colours that you can see (can you always see all of the colours like in the picture above?) The shape of the rainbow (is it always an arc shape?) What is the weather like when you see a rainbow? And talk about this: (guess if you don’t know) How are rainbows formed?


Write down your thoughts and ideas in your home learning book. You may want to organise them into these four categories;



Reading about Rainbows


Read the text in the document I have added below with someone in your family. You can also listen to it here 


There may be some new words that you haven't heard of before. I have put a definition of them here;


Glossary (what the words mean)


arc A part of a line that forms the outside of a circle.

light source The place or thing which you get light from.

horizon The line in the far distance where the sky seems to meet the land or the sea.

spectrum The range of different colours that you get when light passes through a glass prism or through a drop of water.


Go back to the notes you wrote in your home learning book yesterday. Can you add any extra information now that you have read this text?

Vocabulary and Reading Challenge


First of all, go back and read the glossary of words that I gave you yesterday (in the section above). Check that you understand the definitions. Now complete these mini challenges in your home learning book, using yesterday's text to help you;


1. Use the text to help you to write your own definition of an optical illusion.

2. Draw a picture of an arc.

3. Write down or draw as many light sources as you can think of.

4. Use your careful looking skills to find the photograph taken by Italo Melo. Find the horizon and show someone at home what the horizon is. Can you explain what it means?


Re-read the text from yesterday. We call this type of writing an 'explanation text'. It gives us facts about a topic and explains the causes of things.


Most information texts have:


A title ❒

An opening sentence that says what the text is about ❒

A series of facts explaining why something happens ❒

Pictures and or diagrams ❒


Read the rainbow explanation text again and see if you can spot each of the items listed above. You could highlight them in different colours (like a rainbow!) if you have printed it out.

Using your own explanation texts


Today, you are going to try to find the items we listed yesterday in other explanation texts. You could use an information book of your own from home, or you could choose a topic from these websites;


Use your scanning skills (read over the text quickly to find something) and see if you can find each of these in one book or on one webpage about something you are interested in:

✓ A title

✓ An opening sentence that says what the text is about

✓ Facts (information or explanation about something)

✓ Fascinating fact

✓ A glossary

✓ Photographs or diagrams


Now write down in your home learning book what you have found out. You might want to use this layout to help you structure your writing;


You could also write a review of the text you have read. Is it a good information text? Explain your reasons using the features of an explanation text.

Writing Challenge


Your final piece of work for this week is to prepare for your own piece of writing. Think about something interesting to write about. It needs to be something that you know a lot about. Before we write, we must think about what we are going to write about. Use your home learning books to write a list of things you know a lot about - here are some ideas to get you started:


• whatever information you have just looked up

• your favourite sport

• cats/dogs or any type of animal you know something about

• any hobby or anything you are interested in

• your favourite television programme


Now choose which topic you will write about and create a plan for your writing (which you will complete next week). Use this format in your home learning book to help you to structure it. Remember to only write short ideas or notes into your plan.



Finally, think about who your audience is. Who are you wanting to read this piece of writing? It might be for somebody at home, or me! At the bottom of your plan, write down the name of who you will writing your explanation text for.


We will continue our lessons on rainbows next week laugh